Monuments and Sculptures

MEMORIAL TO THE PERISHED IN BATTLES FOR INDEPENDENCE OF LITHUANIA

At the initiative of members of the Lithuanian Riflemen Union of 18th century, a memorial to the perished in battles for Independence of Lithuania (sculptor Robertas Antinis) was built at a square in the centre of the city.. In 1945, the square was turned into a cemetery of Soviet soldiers, the memorial blasted and buried. In 1988, the fragments of memorial have been excavated, based on which R. Antinis made a copy of the former memorial. In 1990, the memorial was re-established at the same square. In 2006, the memorial has been restored.

Vytauto st. Biržai, WGS 56.204425, 24.758505

MEMORIAL TO THE POET JULIUS JANONIS (1896 – 1917)

The Memorial to the poet, an ardent fighter against the social inequality, was erected at the most prestigious square in 1976. Sculptor: K. Bogdonas. Architect: V. Brėdikis.

J. Janonis square, Biržai, WGS 56.205216, 24.760080

MEMORIAL TO THE TRANSLATOR AND POET STANISLOVAS DAGILIS (1843 – 1915)

A monumental bust (by Nina Gronskienė, a Paris-based sculptor) of Stanislovas Dagilis stands on a beautiful polished black granite pedestal erected on 2 September 1923, on the day of his 80th anniversary. He died in Biržai in 1915. The best known of his various works is the translation of a patriotic poem Konrad Wallenrod by Adam Mickiewicz.

Kęstučio Str. (in the territory of the Pentecostal chapel), Biržai, WGS 56.201901, 24.752249

ROOFED CARVED PILLAR AND TOMB MEMORIAL TO A BOOK SMUGGLER (KNYGNEŠYS) JURGIS BIELINIS

Jurgis Bielinis was one of the main organizers of illegal book smuggling (knygnešiai) at the time of the Lithuanian press ban, publicist, and contributor to newspapers Aušra and Varpas. He used a number of pen names: Juozapas Baltasis Erelis, J. B. Erelis, Jurgis, Juozapas Baltasai etc.

He was born in Purviškiai, near Nemunėlio Radviliškis in 1846. His birthplace house still stands. Near the house, a roofed carved pillar (Sculptor: Leonas Juozonis) is erected. There is the Oak of Bielinis nearby, behind which he was hiding during a gunfight with gendarmes. A stone with a dedication is situated near the oak. A cross, under which he had died, is housed at the premises of the club Dūdoriai, in Pasvalys. He is buried at a churchyard in Suostas. The tomb memorial is installed on the tomb. The memorial was built of boulders by members of the Lithuanian Riflemen Union, Lithuanian Catholic Youth Federation Pavasaris, Lithuanian Nationalists Union, scouts, and a blacksmith J. Korsakas, in 1931.

Purviškių II village, Biržai District, WGS 56.321071, 24.700168

MEMORIAL BUST OF VYTAUTAS THE GREAT

Memorial busts of Vytautas The Great and Motiejus Valančius were erected near the Holy Trinity Church in Pabiržė in 1930 and 1932, respectively. Demolished during the Soviet rule, both busts have been rebuilt in 1990.

Vytautas the Great (1350 - 1430), from the 15th century onwards, was a ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which chiefly encompassed the Lithuanians and Ruthenians. He was also the Prince of Grodno (1370–1382), Prince of Lutsk (1387–1389), and the postulated king of the Hussites.

In modern Lithuania, Vytautas is revered as a national hero and was an important figure in the national rebirth in the 19th century.

Pabiržė town, Biržai District, WGS 56.184974, 24.638375

MEMORIAL BUST OF MOTIEJUS VALANČIUS

Memorial busts of Vytautas The Great and Motiejus Valančius were erected near the Holy Trinity Church in Pabiržė in 1930 and 1932, respectively. Demolished during the Soviet rule, both busts have been rebuilt in 1990.

Motiejus Valančius (1801 – 1875) was a Catholic bishop of Samogitia, historian and one of the best known Lithuanian/Samogitian writers of the 19th century. His services to the Lithuanian cause were lasting and important, including his opposition to the Russian government and the tactics he employed in resisting its policies, particularly the Lithuanian press ban. He sponsored the illegal practice of printing Lithuanian books in East Prussia and smuggling them into Lithuania by 'knygnešiai', which served to stimulate the emergence of the Lithuanian national movement. As an educator, and able Church administrator, historian and ethnographer, and a talented writer, Valančius emerges as one of the most versatile and influential figures in the 19th century Lithuania.

Pabiržė town, Biržai District, WGS 56.185122, 24.638216

MEMORIAL TO THE ADVOCATE FOR THE NATIONAL CAUSE ANTANAS MACIJAUSKAS

Antanas Macijauskas was an engineer, publicist, and delegate to the Great Seimas of Vilnius. The memorial has been erected in 2004. Sculptor: Gediminas Piekuras. Architect: Evaldas Purlys.

Pabiržė town, Biržai District, WGS 56.185701, 24.636998

SCULPTURE ‘DREAM’ IN THE TOWN OF VABALNINKAS

An almost 4-metre-high, 18-tonne granite sculpture represents a young man playing on the kanklės (Lithuanian string instrument) and urging to stand on the side of the good. It was created and erected thanks to a donation of Janina Černiauskaitė-Kancevičienė, formerly a teacher in Vabalninkas, later based in Vilnius. Sculptor: Rytas Belevičius. Architect: Albinas Mieliauskas.

The main 'Žolinės' square, Vabalninkas town, Biržai District, WGS 55.980117, 24.747065

MEMORIAL TO THE SALASPILIS BATTLE

The Battle of Salaspils took place in 1605. September 27 This is the biggest battle between 1600 and 1611 in the war with Sweden, which sought to occupy the eastern end of the Baltic Sea. The Lithuanian Army, led by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Grand Prix Jonas Karolis Chodkevičius, defeated the army of the Kingdom of Sweden three times larger in the Battle of Salaspils. The Battle of Salaspils is one of the most impressive achievements in the Lithuanian Army's victory in the history of the GDL, the etmon of K.Chodkevičius throughout Europe.

Rinkuškiai st., Rinkuškiai village, Biržai District, WGS 56.205574, 24.732406

CRUCIFIXES OF VABALNINKAS

At the Vabalninkas Square the crucifix is considered to be the main accent of the city, and the words of the land of the poet J. Strielkūnas "Homeland, you are the waves that carry everyone. Mother, you are a window, forever bright. You are a mountain from our sufferings, a tower has risen above our hopes." On S. Nėries Street, a 450-year anniversary of Vabalninkas was built near the cultural centre. On the crucifix you can see - the armorial bearings of Vabalninkas.

Vabalninkas town, Biržai District, WGS 55.980272, 24.747266

MEMORIAL TO THE FILMMAKER, POET AND ARTIST, JONAS MEKAS (1922-2019)

The Memorial to the Lithuanian American filmmaker, poet and artist. Jonas Mekas has often been called "the godfather of American avant-garde cinema". His works has been exhibited in museums and festivals worldwide.

This memorial was erected in his hometown Semeniškiai in 2017.

Memorial idea and realisation involved many famous Biržai region people.