Homestead of Ms A. Jaronytė
There was a barren land next to the backyard of Ms A. Jaronytė. She had the idea to turn this wasteland into a pleasant recreation spot. With a shovel in her hands, she herself excavated several ponds, which gradually filled up with clear water. She fortified the banks with willows. Today, water lilies in shimmering jewel colours cover the water surface. Gleaming streamlets appeared here and there. The place is accented by charming features like the small bridges, a variety of flowers and ornamental shrubs.
Address: 7 Likenu strt., Town of Pabiržė
The Smardonė Spring was formed by karst processes. Bitterish in taste and smelling hydrogen sulphide, water inspired local people to name it accordingly – Stinky Spring. Nobody used this water for cooking meat or making tea or coffee but everybody considered it good for baking bread and washing. People found that this water is beneficial for sick people: to drink, to wash eyes, or to soak ailing hands or legs directly in the spring. Healing properties of water of the Smardonė Spring were mentioned for the first time in the sources in 1587. When Likėnai Water-cure Resort was opened in 1938, there was no bores and water was drawn from springs, including the big Smardonė Spring. Water was used to treat various ailments, for baths and diluting the healing mud.
Address: Park of Likėnai Rehabilitation Hospital, district of Biržai
Cow’s Cave (Karvės ola)
It is the most famous and best-explored geological monument of nature of national significance (classified from 1964) located in the North of Lithuania. The spot is marked by a wooden post bearing carved inscriptions: ‘Cow’s Cave’ and ‘Nature heritage object’. The Cow’s Cave is a funnel-shaped, almost round sinkhole. According to speleologists, it appeared around 200 years ago. It is 10-12 metres in diameter and around 12.6 metres deep. An opening is at the bottom of sinkhole.
Address: Village of Karajimiškis, district of Biržai
Karst lakelets in Kirkilai
In the region full of sinkholes, this area is unique because of the highest density of sinkholes (more than 200 items per sq. km) and in particular circular lakelets. A circular lake indicates that the lake evolved from a collapsed sinkhole. When a sinkhole collapsed to expose the water table at the surface, the sinkhole was filled with water forming a small circular lake. A footpath runs across area making it possible to have a close look at these exceptional water bodies. This is one of two habitats in Europe where green sulphur bacteria (GSB) and purple sulphur bacteria (PSB) are present, the second one is in Italy.
Address: Village of Kirkilai, district of Biržai
Footpath through Užubaliai Wetlands Reserve
The Užubaliai Wetlands Reserveis situated in the area of a former peat bog. The reserve is an amazing sanctuary for a wide variety of water and terrestrial plants and animals. There are many beaver dams. These wetlands attract flocks of birds to the delight of ornithologists and birdwatchers. The reserve has an observation tower for watching wildlife. Užubaliai is a great place to escape the noise of cities and enjoy the tranquillity of nature.
Address: Užubaliai Reserve, district of Biržai
Cave of Velniapilis (Velniapilio ola)
The Cave of Velniapilis is a dolomite outcrop. Its bottom part overhangs the surface of the River Nemunėlis by 3 metres and is located at 6 metres distance from the bed of the river. The Cave of Velniapilis is classified as a geological monument of nature of national significance from 1964. It is in a relatively good state and is naturally preserved.
Address: Nemunėlio Radviliškis, district of Biržai
Confluence of the rivers Nemunėlis and Apaščia
A scenic valley is a perfect spot to admire the confluence of two rivers: Nemunėlis and Apaščia.
Address: Eldership of Nemunėlio Radviliškis, district of Biržai
Outcrop of Muoriškiai
The Outcrop of Muoriškiai was formed during a long process of deep and lateral erosion. Most impressive and fascinating, with nearly vertical continuous wall around 7.5 metres high stretches over 80 metres along the riverbed of Nemunėlis. At areas close to water of the River Nemunėlis, layers of light bluish marl and clay dominate with occasional small shells on the surface.
Address: Village of Muoriškiai, eldership of Nemunėlio Radviliškis, district of Biržai
Outcrop of Tabokinė
The Outcrop of Tabokinė is a Devon rock formation with vertical walls situated in two levels and not continuous. The upper scarp is particularly interesting: it is 3 to 4 metres high and is composed of dolomite strata with cracks forming larges pieces of rock. Following the pattern of cracks, birches and other trees grow on the wall.
Address: Village of Tabokinė, eldership of Nemunėlio Radviliškis, district of Biržai
Northernmost point of Lithuania
The northernmost point of Lithuania is located at a distance of 3 kilometres by foot from the village of Aspariškiai.
Address: Village of Aspariškiai, eldership of Nemunėlio Radviliškis, district of Biržai
Juodžionys field of erratic boulders
At a distance of 1.5 kilometres from the village of Parovėja, you will see the Juodžionys field of erratic boulders: a very humpy meadow with patches of standing water and sparse shrubs. These humps are tops of massive boulders.
Address: Village of Juodžionys, eldership of Parovėja, district of Biržai
SINKHOLE "BADGER'S CAVE" ("BARSUKO OLA") COGNITIVE GEOLOGICAL PATH
The path runs through Karajimiškis landscape reservation in Mantagailiškis-based Gojelis forest.
The walking path runs through a 2.5 hectare area over a conflux ground surface. The total distance is 700 metres.
The path sets out at the sinkhole Geologists’ Hole (Geologų duobė), crosses the sinkhole Fox´s Lair (Lapės ola), and upon reaching the south-western boundary of Gojelis further guides you to the array of lurking sinkholes where you will see the sinkhole Badger´s Sett and other larger and deeper sinkholes.
EDUCATIONAL PATH THROUGH UŽUŠILIAI FOREST
A resting place and educational path through the Užušiliai forest, forestry of Biržai, quadrants 74, 75, plot 22.
The length of the educational path: 0.6 kilometres.
While walking, you will have opportunity to learn more about plants and other amazing aspects of wildlife. Both the resting place and educational path are provided with facilities for disabled.